Tendonitis, also called tendinitis, is a common musculoskeletal condition involving inflammation or irritation of tendon tissue, the thick fibrous cords that attach muscle to bone. Tendonitis of the foot or ankle is a classic overuse injury that can affect four different tendons of the foot or ankle, most commonly the Achilles tendon. It can cause significant pain and restriction of motion in patients of all ages, although it is usually a temporary condition. Symptoms may include pain at the instep of the foot, pain and swelling on the inside of the ankle, loss of the arch, or an inability to stand on tiptoe. Tendonitis can occur as a result of injury, loss of tendon elasticity with age, the effects of diseases (such as arthritis), pes planus (flatfootedness) or overpronating (walking incorrectly on the inside of the foot).
Sprains and strains are both minor injuries occurring at joints where ligaments connect bone to bone and tendons connect bone to muscles. A sprain is an injury to ligaments, the thick, tough, fibrous tissue that connects bones. Ligaments can be sprained by being stretched too far from their normal position under conditions such as excessive exercise, heavy lifting, repetitive motion or minor impacts. A strain is an injury to muscles or tendons. When muscles contract they pull on tendons, which in turn are connected to bone. A strain may result if the muscle is stretched too far, or if it is stretched while contracting. Strains most often occur when a joint is pulled, twisted or jerked suddenly. These soft-tissue injuries exhibit symptoms of redness, swelling, surface bruising, reduced mobility and a dull, throbbing ache or sharp, cramping pain.
Clinical solutions related to this diagnoses: OrthoStim3® (electrotherapy), VQ CoolCare™ (cold therapy), Game Ready™ (cold therapy with compression), Pneumatic walker, Sport 8 (ankle stabilizer), Home exercise kit